Airiños, airiños, aires,
airiños da miña terra,
airiños, airiños, aires,
airiños levaime a ela.
Excerpt from the poem «Airiños». Rosalia de Castro. She is a Galician poet considered one of the greats of Spanish literature of the 19th century..
The constant exodus of thousands of Galician inhabitants to America, from the mid-19th century to the mid-20th century, is one of the most remarkable events of the recent history of Galicia.
Those fortunate people, who achieved the longed-for desire to return to their homeland rich and wealthy, felt the need to externalize their triumph showing their new economic and social situation. One of the ways of achieving this was through the construction of cosmopolitan buildings, dominants in the rural and urban landscape. In order to achieve this, they used large windows, elegant and distinguished decorative elements and/or care gardening where the characteristic palm tree, the mythical «victory tree», was rarely missing, a distinctive emblem of the Indiano condition of its owner.
Among the Indianos who returned there are a lot of luxury but also generosity, as on arrival in their destination country they faced important difficulties due to their lack of education. Thus, thanks to the remittances sent from the other side of the Atlantic, as well as the donations made on their return, they have built schools and other equipment which have transformed the life of the Galician countryside.
It is worth mentioning that Barreiros was the municipality of “Mariña Lucense” with the largest number of emigrant centres in Cuba, the destination of most of those who left from these lands. Barreiros is also among the Galician councils with the largest Indiano heritage.
It includes the most outstanding examples of Indian architecture.
Plans to enjoy the civil-indiano heritage
Enjoy indiano heritage
Other Indiano buildings to locate on the map:
Pepe de Siñeiro’s house in San Cosme de Barreiros.
Arturo’s house in Vilar (San Cosme de Barreiros).
Camarnachón’s house in Vilar (San Cosme de Barreiros).
Rubio’s house in Celeiro de Mariñaos.
Reboredo’s house in Celeiro de Mariñaos.
Manuel Maseda’s house in San Pedro de Benquerencia.
Nuevo’s quarter(Barrio de Nuevo) in San Pedro de Benquerencia.
Carreira’s quarter(Barrio de Carreira) in San Pedro de Benquerencia.
Pero’s house in San Pedro de Benquerencia.
Blanco’s house in San Miguel de Reinante.
Balseiro’s house in San Miguel de Reinante.
Comandante’s house in San Miguel de Reinante.
Villafer in San Miguel de Reinante.
Xoco’s house in Santiago de Reinante.
Indianos na Cruz house in Santiago de Reinante.